When citizens mobilize to study the adaptation of plants to their environment !
"Rencontre Explorer", Quai des Savoirs - 39 Allée Jules Guesde, Toulouse, France
June 22, 2021 at 6 p.m.
Speaker: Fabrice Roux
This event is offered by the valuation service of the Federal University of Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées in partnership with the Quai des Savoirs.
Participatory science, also known as citizen science or even collaborative science, aims to implement more democratic research by asking citizens to participate actively and without constraint in the production of scientific knowledge. By providing places for research, acquiring data, raising new questions, citizens participating in participatory science projects strengthen interactions between science and society. It is in this context that the OPTIMA project was presented at the Quai des Savoirs. This project relied on the participation of citizens from 11 departments of the South-West region to test and understand the adaptation of plants to their environment, and in particular to the soil microbiota. The microbiota corresponds to all the microbes such as bacteria and fungi found in the soil of a garden, a cultivated field, a meadow ... This project was able to demonstrate that the microbiota of the soil was significantly more diverse in the natural populations of Thale cress, a laboratory model species but above all a species so common in our countryside, than in the gardens made available by citizens
Crédit Photo : Inrae
Crédit Photo: Choghag Demirjian
Crédit photo: Choghag Demirjian
International Agricultural Show 2019
Several teams from LIPME participated in the 2019 Agricultural Show.
Researchers working on pathogens interact with the public via the E-phytia application, which identifies diseases and pests of various cultivated plants, an opportunity to present the mechanisms that allow the immunity of certain plants to pests.
Other researchers offered games to test the public's knowledge of legumes, plants whose nitrogen nutrition is facilitated by interaction with symbiotic microorganisms, and whose multiple interests are now being rediscovered from an agronomic and environmental and nutritional perspective.
Finally, researchers presented the Optima project, a participatory science experiment carried out in 11 French departments which aims to define a genetic map of the adaptation of the Arabidopsis plant to its environment (soil, microbiota, climate). Small pots of this plant were distributed to the public.
Marta Marchetti, Dominique Tremousaygue et Eliane Melhioc présentent un jeu sur la reconnaissance des légumineuses
Dominique Tremousaygue présente au visiteurs les relations plante-pathogène .
Pint of Science: Immune my dear Watson!
Man and Plants, the same fight against diseases?
May 21, 2019
Rooster and Beer, 100 rue Riquet, Toulouse 31000
Speakers : Etienne Meunier (CNRS researcher at the Institute of Pharmacology and Structural Biology (IPBS - CNRS - Toulouse III University - Paul Sabatier))
Maud Bernoux (CNRS Researcher at the Laboratory of Plant-Microorganism Interactions (LIPME - INRA - CNRS)
Evolution has made it possible to select living organisms adapted to their environment. Only those able to protect themselves effectively can survive. This is of course the case with animals (including humans!), But also plants, which, even if they are unable to flee from the enemy, know how to defend themselves. We will take a look at these two kingdoms, which despite their differences, have developed immune mechanisms not so distant ...
Chercheure CNRS au LIPME lors de la soirée Pint of Science
But Who is speaking?
An art-science installation that lets you imagine the way plants perceive their environment. It presents, at the same time, the scientific research in progress on the listening capacities of plants and the way in which art can update the way we look at plants.
New studies reveal that the scope of the perceptual spectrum of plants is vast. They are able to perceive other living entities, such as bacteria or fungi, their physical environment (gravity, lights, sounds), as well as their own posture, their state of health. These recent discoveries lead us to rethink the world of plants and confront us with our anthropocentrism.
This installation is anchored in a desire to transcribe the richness and finesse of the perceptual mechanisms allowing the plant to live by adapting to its environment. For this reason, two researchers, Frédérick Garcia and Adelin Barbacci, have worked with artists in order to provide a new perspective on plants.
The peculiarity of this exhibition comes from the fact that a multiplicity of skills has come together. Specialists in biomechanics, learning systems, a naturalistic audio sound maker, programmers, art, light and sound specialists all worked to build this art / science installation.
Frédérick Garcia (MIA), Adelin Barbacci (LIPM), Inra Toulouse, Yves Duthen (REVA-IRIT Capitole 1 Toulouse),
Myriam Desainte-Catherine (LaBRI, Scrime) Bordeaux INP.
Design and creation:
Edwige Armand, plastic arts, design and writing.
Thierry Besche, conception, sound writing.
Julien Rabin, conception, electronic sounds.
Fernand Deroussen, recording of his audio-naturalist.
Mathieu Chamagne, multimedia IT development.
Thomas Breton, IT development.
Cédric Cambon, light production and control device.
Thibaud Keller, SCRIME, scenario management (OSSIA-Score).
Gaël Jaton, SCRIME, sensors and electronic development.
Pol Perez, electro-plastic surgeon, device n ° 1 and n ° 2 of the lab part, robot.
Basile Robert, large Faraday cage and bac.
Théo de la Hogue, digital craftsman, robot.
Photo Ariane Ruebrecht. DR
Photo Sylvie Chambonnet. DR